### Probability is one of the trickiest (and equally fascinating) topics in the CAT quantitative aptitude section. This topic can feature tricky problems that test a combination of your mathematical and reasoning skills. To help you with this topic, we feature this set of 5 probability questions.

Question 1:  One ticket is selected at random from 50 tickets numbered  0, 01, 02, ……, 49.   Then,   the probability that the sum of the digits on the selected ticket is 8, given that the product of these digits is zero equals

(a) 1/14
(b) 1/7
(c) 5/14
(d) 1/50

Explanation: (a)

Here we have

Let A be the event that sum of the digits on the selected ticket is 8, then

Let B be the event that the product of the digits is zero. Question 2: It is given that the events A and B are such that P(A) = ¼ , P(A|B) = ½ and P(B|A) = 2/3. Then P(B|A) = 2/3. Then P(B) is
(a) 1/2
(b) 1/6
(c) 1/3
(d) 2/3

Explanation: (c) Question 3: A die is thrown. Let A be the event that the number obtained is greater than 3. Let B be the event that the number obtained is less than 5. Then P (AUB) is
(a) 2/5
(b) 3/5
(c) 0
(d) 1

Explanation: (d) Question 4: A pair of fair dice is thrown independently three times. The probability of getting a total of exactly 9 twice is

(a) 1/729
(b) 8/9
(c) 8/729
(d) 8/243

Explanation: (d)

Probability of getting a total of 9 in a single throw

4/36 = 1/9

Probability of getting a total of 9 exactly in double throw Question 5: Two aeroplanes I and II bomb a target in succession. The probabilities of I and II scoring a hit correctly are 0.3 and 0.2, respectively. The second plane will bomb only if the first misses the target. The probability that the target is hit by the second plane, is
(a) 0.06
(b) 0.14
(c) 0.32
(d) 0.7