• These tests are a check for your learning and are meant to serve as tools for assessment.
  • The test is designed to check your current understanding of the language and whether you are able to logically co-relate different parts of a paragraph.
  • Directions for individual questions: The sentences given in each question, when properly sequenced, form a coherent paragraph. Each sentence is labeled with a letter. Choose the most logical order of sentences from among the given choices to construct a coherent paragraph.

Para Jumbles:Test-14

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Question 1
A. In the west, Allied Forces had fought their way through southern Italy as far as Rome.
B. In June 1944 Germany’s military position in the World War two appeared hopeless.
C. In Britain, the task of amassing the men and materials for the liberation of northern Europe had been completed.
D. The Red Army was poised to drive the Nazis back through Poland.
E. The situation on the eastern front was catastrophic.
A
EDACB
B
BEDAC
C
BDECA
D
CEDAB
Question 1 Explanation: 
The most general opening statement for this para-jumble is statement B.
This introduces the paragraph perfectly.
After statement B, it follows a logical pattern:
ED is a pair as it reflects the situation on the East.
The situation in the west is reflected by statement A and this should immediately follow statement D as then the situation on both the fronts is explained consecutively.
Question 2
A. Realists believe that there is an objective reality “out there” independent of ourselves.
B. This reality exists solely by virtue of how the world is and it is in principle discoverable by application of the methods of science.
C. They believe in the possibility of determining whether or not a theory is indeed really true or false.
D. I think it is fair to say that this is the position to which most working scientists subscribe.
A
ABCD
B
CDBA
C
DCBA
D
BCAD
Question 2 Explanation: 
We can see that option B starts with ‘C’ ,”They believe” ,this cannot be the correct answer as it is not specified who is the ‘they’ here.
Similarly, option C tells us about an unspecified “position” which seems out of context if this is to be the starting sentence of a paragraph.
Option D starts with ‘B’, “This reality” which is again unknown and only becomes clear if we assign ‘A’ the first position as it talks about an “objective reality”, thus making A the only viable option.
Question 3
A. There is a strong manufacturing base for a variety of products.
B. India has come a long way on the technology front.
C. But the technology adopted has been largely of foreign origin.
D. There are, however, areas such as atomic energy, space, agriculture and defence where significant strides have been made in evolving relevant technologies within the country.
A
ADCB
B
DBAC
C
BACD
D
CBAD
Question 3 Explanation: 
Options B & D get eliminated first as they start with a contradiction to an unspecified statement.
The paragraph sounds absurd and confusing if it starts with ‘A’ i.e. option A thus the only option left is C.
Question 4
A. In emission trading, the government fixes the total amount of population that is acceptable to maintain a desired level of quality.
B. Economists argue this approach makes air pollution control more cost-effective than the current practice of fixing air pollution standards and expecting all companies to pollute below these standards.
C. USA uses emission trading to control air pollution.
D. It then distributes emission permits to all companies in the region, which add up to the overall acceptable level of emission.
A
BADC
B
ACDB
C
CBAD
D
DBAC
Question 4 Explanation: 
The paragraph cannot be started with statements ‘D’ and ‘B’ as they seem abrupt without a precluding statement explaining them thus options D and A are eliminated.
Option C is the only suitable option as “emission trading “ approach is introduced in ‘C’ and is referred to in ‘B’ making C the correct option.
Question 5
A. The individual companies vary in size, from the corner grocery to the industrial giant.
B. Policies and management methods within firms range from formal, well-planned organization and controls to slipshod day-to-day operations.
C. Various industries offer a wide array of products or services through millions of firms largely independent of each other.
D. Variation in the form of ownership contributes to diversity in capital investment, volume of business, and financial structure.
A
DBCA
B
CADB
C
BADC
D
ADCB
Question 5 Explanation: 
The simple rule that we always follow in these questions: general to specific.
We move from a generic set of statements to the specific ones.
In this case, two general statements are C and D, and these two form two pairs: CA and DB.
C also forms the perfect opening sentence in this case. This makes option B the correct answer.
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