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Oliveboard Question of the day

The state must pay compensation for the terrorist attacks because they are indirectly responsible for them. It is the state’s duty to ensure that its citizens act within the law by providing deterrents, education and by preventing crimes through the use of intelligence. Even if the terrorist atrocities do not take place within the state, they were most probably planned within the state or initiated by someone who lives in the state. This means that it was within the state’s power to have prevented the attack from taking place. Making the state pay for the wrongs of its citizens is therefore not only just but sends the message that the international community recognizes the states involvement and duty in this regard.
Which of the following statements is the author least likely to agree with?

Answer Options:

(1) We would hold instead that it is the individuals who commit, plan and command the atrocities that should be held exclusively responsible.

(2) Most of the terror attacks are covert operations which are totally outside the purview of the government in the sense that the ruling mechanism has no idea that attacks are being planned.

(3) It is only rarely that we are certain of who committed a terrorist attack and what their nationality was.

(4) States are only responsible for the security of their own citizens and only have a duty to punish criminal acts within their own borders.

(5) It is unjust to expect the state to prevent terrorist attacks.

Solution posted below. Click on the button to view the solution.

Answer and Explanation

Solution:

The author is not likely to agree with Option A, however, it is eliminated as it does not address or deny the claim that making states pay compensation for terrorist activities will reduce terrorism. Option C is eliminated, as although the author is not likely to agree with it, it does not say anything about the instances in which we are certain of who committed a terrorist attack. Option D is eliminated, as although the author is not likely to agree with it, it does not address or deny the claim that making states pay compensation for terrorist activities will reduce terrorism. Option E is eliminated as although the author is unlikely to agree with it, it gives no evidence or strong arguments to support its claim. Option B is the right answer, as the author is least likely to agree with it, as it contradicts the information given in the passage and attacks the premise on which the argument is based.

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