- These tests are a check for your learning and are meant to serve as tools for assessment.
- The test is designed to check your current understanding of the language and whether you are able to logically infer the relationships between different parts of the paragraph.
- Directions for individual questions: The questions in this section are based on the reasoning contained in brief statements or passages. For some questions, more than one of the choices could conceivably answer the question. However, you are to choose the best answer; that is, the response that most accurately and completely answers the question.
Critical Reasoning: Test-1
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1. Unless you dedicate your whole life to it, you will never learn to speak the language of another country to perfection; you will never know its people and its literature with complete intimacy.Which of the following is likely to undermine the above argument?
I can speak 10 foreign languages already.
I do not travel to foreign countries.
I am happy with the languages I know and do not need to learn any other language.
I should spend time to understand my own people and literature first, only then can I appreciate other languages and cultures.
Question 1 Explanation:
Option 4 Undermines The Argument As It Is best for us to understand our people and literature first and that itself ll take a life time according to it , so we cannot go for any other country
2. The writer can only be fertile if he renews himself and he can only renew himself, if his soul is constantly enriched by fresh experience. Which of the following is most likely to support the above thought?
Only out fresh experience can the writer get germs for new writing.
The writer can meet new people.
The writer must see new places.
A writer’s soul can only be enriched if it is fertile.
Question 2 Explanation:
option 1 is correct as to support the argument there must be a mention of something given in the paragraph , in this case it is fresh experience
3. But because the idea of private property has been permitted to override with its selfishness, the common good of humanity it, does not follow that there are no limits within that idea, for what can function for the general convenience and advantage.Which of the following is most likely to weaken the argument?
All the people of the society should progress at an equitable rate and there should be no disparities and private property does bring about a tremendous disparity.
One should not strive for the common good of humanity at all; instead one should be concerned with maximizing one’s own wealth.
One should learn from the experiences of former communist nations and should not repeat his mistakes at all.
Even prosperous capitalist countries like the USA have their share of social problems.
Question 3 Explanation:
argument talks about selfishness while option 1 talks about equality without disparities, so it weakens the argument the most.
4. Now the audience is a very curious animal. It is shrewd rather than intelligent. Its mental capacity is less than that of its most intellectual members. If these were graded from A to Z, decreasing with succeeding letters to the zero of the hysterical shop-girl, I should say its mental capacity would come around about the letter O.According to the above statements.
Some members in the audience are more intelligent than any of its other members.
The net intelligence of the audience is a little less than average.
Both 1 and 2
Question 4 Explanation:
both options 1 and 2 option 1 can be inferred from the lines"Its mental capacity is less than that of its most intellectual members” option 2 can be inferred from the lines "If these were graded from A to Z, decreasing with succeeding letters to the zero of the hysterical shop-girl"
5. I have been studying it, consciously and subconsciously, for 40 years and I still find men unaccountable; people I know intimately can surprise me by some action of theirs which I never thought them capable of or by the discovery of some trait which exhibits a side of themselves that I never even suspected.The idea in this sentence can be best summarized as:
Men are inconsistent and therefore one should not be confident even about one’s closest friends.
Men are unpredictable, one can never tell what they will do next; hence, one should be very careful in one’s dealings.
No matter how closely you know somebody there still exists an unknown facet of his personality.
None of these
Question 5 Explanation:
option 3 summarizes the best as it is mentioned in the paragraph that"people I know intimately can surprise me by some action of theirs which I never thought them capable of or by the discovery of some trait which exhibits a side of themselves that I never even suspected." it shows the unknown facet of the personality.
6. Efficiency is all right in its place, in the shop, the factory, the store. The trouble with efficiency is that it wants to rule our play as well as our work; it won’t be content to reign in the shop, it follows us home.It can be inferred from the above passage that
Efficiency can become all-pervading.
Efficiency does not always pay. .
Efficiency can be more of a torture than a blessing
None of these
Question 6 Explanation:
1st option is the right option as it is mentioned that efficiency is required in every sphere of our lives hence "all- pervading"
7. In order to ease the traffic congestion, the transport planners decided to have a sophisticated system of elevated monorail travel in the city. However, it was pointed out by somebody that a metro rail system would be a more effective solution to the traffic problem. The plan was thus stalled. Moreover, since a budget had not been drawn up for the project, it was deemed fit to stall the work of the monorail for some time. In the meanwhile, the traffic planners of the city decided to build an efficient system of subways and flyovers in the city with the aim of easing the same problem. At the instant when the planners were preparing to award the contracts to the concerned parties, the transport planners came up with the contention that the subways interfered with the site of a pillar of the monorail system. The traffic planners had to give up the idea and think of other possible solutions.We can infer which of the following from the above passage?
The city authorities felt that the monorail system was essentially impractical.
There is a strong contention between the two groups of planners in the city.
The projects would be stalled for an indefinite period.
None of the above.
Question 7 Explanation:
Option 3 is the best as it is mentioned twice in the passage that due to one or the other reason the projects got stalled. so the most appropriate option available is 3 as the inference for the passage.
8. The company encourages its managers to interact regularly without a pre-set agenda to discuss issues concerning the company and society. This idea has been borrowed from the ancient Indian concept of religious congregation, called satsang. Designations are forgotten during these meetings; hence, it is not uncommon in these meetings to find a sales engineer questioning the CEO on some corporate policy or his knowledge of customers.Based on the information provided in the above passage, it can be inferred that
the company is concerned about its reputation with its employees.
the company believes in fostering the spirit of dialogue without degenerating it into a positioning based debate.
the company had some inter-personnel problems in the past due to which it felt the need for these corporate satsangs.
All of the above.
Question 8 Explanation:
Option 2 Is The Best As Inference As The Company Prefers To Interact With All Its Employees According To The Passage Keeping Aside The Designations According To The Lines “Designations Are Forgotten During These Meetings”
9. From Cochin to Shimla, the new culture vultures are tearing down acres of India’s architectural treasures. Ancestral owners are often fobbed off with a few hundred rupees for an exquisitely carved door or window, which fetches fifty times that much from foreign dealers, and yet more from the drawing room sophisticates of Europe and the US. The reason for such shameless rape of the Indian architectural wealth can perhaps not wrongly be attributed to the unfortunate blend of activist disunity and the local indifference.It can be inferred from the above passage that
the environment created by the meeting between activist disunity and local indifference is ideal for antique dealers to strive in India.
only Indians are not proud of their cultural heritage and are hungry for the foreign currency that is easily available in return of artifacts.
most Indian families have heirlooms which can be sold at high prices to Europeans and Americans.
India provides a rich market for unscrupulous antique dealers.
Question 9 Explanation:
2nd option is the best option available as inference and can be seen from the lines “ancestral owners are often fobbed off with a few hundred rupees for an exquisitely carved door or window, which fetches fifty times that much from foreign dealers, and yet more from the drawing room sophisticates of europe and the us.”
10. Deepa Mehta’s Fire is under fire from the country’s self-appointed moral police. Their contention is that the film is a violation of the Indian cultural moral and cannot be allowed to influence the Indian psyche. According to them such films ruin the moral fabric of the nation which must be protected and defended against such intrusions at all cost even at the cost of cultural dictatorship.Based on the information in the above passage it can be inferred that
the assumption underlying the moral police’s critique of Fire is that the Indian audience is vulnerable to all types of influence.
the assumption underlying the moral police’s critique of Fire is that Indian audience is impressionable and must be protected against ‘immoral’ influences.
the moral police thinks it has the sole authority to pass judgment of films screened in India.
None of the above.
Question 10 Explanation:
2nd option is the best available inference for the paragraph as it is mentioned in the paragraph that “such films ruin the moral fabric of the nation which must be protected and defended against such intrusions at all cost even at the cost of cultural dictatorship.”
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